What You Need To know About A Civil Engineer

Civil Engineer

Are you aspiring of becoming a Civil Engineer? If so then this Nairapals article will walk you through and clarify you on who a Civil Engineer” really is.

As a preamble, a Civil Engineer is an engineer trained to design and construct and maintain public works (roads or bridges or harbors etc.)

Summary Of Pursuing Civil Engineer As A Career – Complete Guide

What Tasks Do Civil Engineers Engage in?

Civil Engr.

Civil Engineers plan, design and supervise the construction and maintenance of buildings and structures such as roads, airports, tunnels, bridges, dams, harbors, pipelines, power plants, and water supply and sewage systems.

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Civil engineers:

  • survey and set up reference points, slopes, and elevations to guide construction
  • analyze survey reports, maps, drawings, blueprints, aerial photographs, and other topographical data to plan projects
  • design transportation or hydraulic systems and structures, following construction standards
    use design software and drawing tools
  • compute load and grade requirements, water flow rates, and material stress factors to determine design plans
  • estimate quantities and cost of materials, equipment, or labor to determine if project is possible
  • direct construction, operation, and maintenance activities at a project site
  • inspect project sites to check progress and ensure conformance to design specifications
  • test soils and materials to check the strength of foundations, concrete, asphalt, or steel
  • provide technical advice to industrial and managerial personnel about design, construction, or program modifications
  • prepare reports on topics such as bid proposals, deeds, environmental impact statements, or property and right-of-way descriptions
  • inspect existing structures, such as roads, bridges, tunnels, dams, buildings to determine if repairs are needed.
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Civil engineering is a very broad field and many engineers specialize in one area. They may also work on anticipating future needs related to energy, pollution, traffic, population growth, etc.

Work Setting

Most Civil Engineers work for firms providing engineering consulting services, primarily developing designs for new construction projects. Many hold jobs in city, county, state, or federal government. The rest work for:

  • construction and manufacturing industries
  • public utilities
  • transportation and manufacturing industries
  • colleges and universities
  • themselves as self-employed consultants

Civil engineers work in a variety of settings ranging from offices to construction sites. They sometimes travel or relocate temporarily while working on a distant project.

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Civil Engineers work with:

  • graphs, blueprints, maps, statistics, and reports
  • computers and the Internet
  • measuring, testing, and analyzing equipment
  • plans, designs, photographs, and drawings
  • various construction materials
  • survey equipment


As Civil Engineers gain more knowledge and experience, they are assigned more difficult projects with greater independence to develop designs, solve problems, and make decisions.

Civil engineers may advance to become technical specialists or to supervise a staff or team of engineers and technicians. Some eventually become engineering managers or enter other managerial or management support positions.

Further training may be required throughout your career, especially for advancement into positions with greater responsibility.

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Images credit Photodune

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